B. Inggris

Describing Historical Places

Tujuan Pembelajaran:
Setelah mempelajari Bab 8, siswa diharapkan mampu:
1. Menunjukkan kesungguhan belajar bahasa Inggris terkait teks deskriptif
sederhana tentang bangunan bersejarah terkenal.
2. Menunjukkan perilaku peduli, kerjasama, dan cinta damai dalam melaksanakan
komunikasi terkait teks deskriptif sederhana tentang bangunan bersejarah
3. Mengidentifikasi fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan pada teks
deskriptif sederhana tentang bangunan bersejarah terkenal.
4. Merespon makna dalam teks deskriptif, lisan dan tulis, sederhana, tentang
bangunan bersejarah terkenal.
5. Menyunting teks deskriptif tulis tentang bangunan bersejarah terkenal.
6. Menyusun teks deskriptif lisan dan tulis sederhana tentang bangunan bersejarah


Think of a historical building you once visited.
Then, talk with your partner about the building. Use the
following questions to guide you.
What is the name of the building?
Where is it?
What does it look like? (What words describe the building?)
What history do people know about the building?
Is there any information saying that the building is

Vocabulary Builder
Read the Indonesian equivalents. Guess the English
words using clues provided. Using your dictionary, check
whether you guessed correctly. Compare your work with
that of your friends’.
c__vil__za__ion (noun) peradaban
__b__nd__ned (adjective) ditinggalkan
be__t-k__ow__ (adjective) terkenal
c__ll__ag__e (noun) sejawat
un__ar__h (verb) menggali
e__id__nc__ (noun) bukti
h__ly (adjective) suci
ci__e (verb) mengutip
off__ci__ls (noun) pegawai
an__ie__t (adjective) kuno

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Pronunciation Practice
Listen to your teacher reading these words. Repeat
after him/her.
unearth : / ?n???? /
abandoned : / ??bænd?nd /
colleague : / ?k?li?? /
evidence : / ?ev?d ? ns /
holy : / ?h??li /
best-known : / best no?n /
cite : / sa?t /
civilization : / ?s?v ? l-a??ze?? ? n /
officials : / ??f?? ? l /
ancient : / ?e?n? ? nt /


The Secrets of Stonehenge
All over the globe
are historical mysteries
left to us by the ancient
world – lost civilizations,
abandoned cities, and
puzzling monuments.
One unexplained mystery
that has both inspired
and mystified modern
man for centuries is
Stonehenge. Though it
is one of the best-known
artifacts in the world, we have no definitive idea of why it was
built and what it was actually used for. Today, however, two new
investigations may offer some answers.

The first theory begins with findings being unearthed not at
Stonehenge, but at a location nearby. Archeologist Mike Parker
Pearson and his colleagues have been studying an area about
three kilometers (two miles) northeast of Stonehenge. Here stands
Durrington Walls – a structure similar to Stonehenge but about 20
times larger. In and around Durrington Walls were three circular
structures made of wood. Evidence suggests that these wooden
circles were holy places, or perhaps the residences of important
officials who cared for Durrington. Outside Durrington Walls,
Parker Pearson and his colleagues have also recently discovered a
village of up to 300 houses which date back more than 4,500 years.
What do the findings at Durrington Walls have to do with
Stonehenge? Parker Pearson believes there is a connection between
the two places, and he cites his recent studies of the Malagasy
cultures in Madagaskar to help explain his theory. In Malagasy
culture, stone is a symbol of hardened bones and death. Wood, in
contrast, is associated with life.
Using this model, Parker Pearson sees associations between
the wooden structures of Durrington and the hard monument of
Stonehenge. Durrington, in this new theory, is the domain of the
living, while Stonehenge is a place of the dead.
… … …
In Wales, about 400 kilometers (250 miles) west of Stonehenge,
archeologists have another theory about why the monument was
built and what it was used for. In this region of Wales are the Preseli
Mountains. Archeologists have traced the origin of Stonehenge’s
oldest stones (often referred to as “bluestones” because of their
appearance when wet) to this site.
… … …
Stonehenge was one of the last great monuments built in
ancient England. It was abandoned about 3,500 years ago, and
because its creators wrote no texts to explain it, they have left us
forever with one of history’s great puzzles to solve.

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